“You lose weight, You gain fertility.”, speaks Dr. Monica Sachdeva. Obesity technically means body mass index quite 30 kg/meter square. this is often a menace in our so-called developed times.
We sleep in an era where processed food is routine, food the “in ” thing, and lack of physical activity could also be a habit now. Obesity is leading to various lifestyle diseases like Diabetes, Hypertension, Joint problems, etc… This disease affects fertility too.
These are the ways obesity hampers fertility
1. Obesity affects hormones
When BMI goes past the overweight category(25-29-9 kg/meter square) to the obese category, our natural hormones choose a topsy turvy. This starts affecting the menstrual pattern too.
2. Obesity increases insulin resistance
Obesity leads to increased insulin resistance which is the primary milestone within the road to diabetes. This also leads to anovulation i.e ovaries just don’t produce eggs.
3. Obesity affects male partner too
Obesity reduces testosterone (male hormone) within the male partner so reduces sperm quantity and quality. male erecticle dysfunction is additionally found in obese males, a frustrating explanation for male infertility.
4. Obesity increases chances of miscarriages
Obesity adversely affects both natural and assisted pregnancy. it is a nuisance for normal pregnancy outcomes leading to miscarriages, preterm delivery, high BP, difficult delivery, and increased chances of cesarean delivery.
5. Obesity affects psychological state in women
Already infertility could also be a mentally taxing affair, with the presence of obesity the psychological stress doubles up worsening the condition even more.
Attaining a standard BMI solves many problems. Infertile couple parenthood once they reduce.
The success of ART procedures increases manifold once women attain normal BMI. repeatedly couples conceive naturally and don’t require IVF procedure. Serum AMH(a predictor of ovarian reserve )was measured at baseline and following 12 weeks of supervised aerobics. They conclude that the change in AMH levels correlated significantly with physical activity, therefore the doctors claim that moderate aerobic training for 12 weeks had a positive significant effect on reproductive functions via modulating adiposity, AMH, and fertility in obese women with or without PCOS.